Psychotherapeutic medications - phenothiazine derivatives

Overview

Medications

  • Chlorpromazine
    • Thorazine
  • Fluphenazine
    • Permitil Oral
    • Prolixin Decanoate Injection
    • Prolixin Enanthate Injection
    • Prolixin Injection
    • Prolixin Oral
  • Mesoridazine
    • Serentil
  • Perphenazine
    • Trilafon
  • Prochlorperazine
    • Compazine
    • Compro
  • Thioridazine
    • Mellaril
  • Trifluoperazine
    • Stelazine

Depletions

Coenzyme Q10

A deficiency of the antioxidant coenzyme Q10 may be associated with chronic conditions including heart disease and high blood pressure. Symptoms of deficiency include gingivitis and weakened immune function.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Symptoms of vitamin B2 deficiency are sore throat, lesions of the oral cavity, including cracks at the corners of the mouth, inflammation of the skin, and other skin changes.

Editorial Note

The information presented here covers some of the nutrients that may be lowered when you take certain medications. The signs and symptoms listed can be caused by other conditions. If you have these signs and symptoms, it doesn't always mean you have low levels of these nutrients. Many things affect the level of nutrients, including your medical history, diet, and lifestyle, as well as how long you have been taking the medication. Please talk with your health care provider. He or she can best address your health care needs and see if you are at risk for low levels of any nutrients.

Supporting Research

Bonakdar RA, Guarneri E. Coenzyme Q10. Am Fam Physician. 2005;72(6):1065-70.

Littarru GP, Tiano L. Bioenergetic and antioxidant properties of coenzyme Q10: recent developments. Mol Biotechnol. 2007;37(1):31-7.

Pepe S, Marasco SF, Haas SJ, Sheeran FL, Krum H, Rosenfeldt FL. Coenzyme Q10 in cardiovascular disease. Mitochondrion. 2007;7 Suppl:S154-67.

Powers HJ. Riboflavin (vitamin B-2) and health. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003;77(6):1352-60.

Quinzii CM, Hirano M, DiMauro S. CoQ10 deficiency diseases in adults. Mitochondrion. 2007;7 Suppl:S122-6.

Young AJ, Johnson S, Steffens DC, Doraiswamy PM. Coenzyme Q10: a review of its promise as a neuroprotectant. CNS Spectr. 2007;12(1):62-8.

Alternative Names

Reviewed By: Steven D. Ehrlich, NMD, Solutions Acupuncture, a private practice specializing in complementary and alternative medicine, Phoenix, AZ. Review provided by VeriMed HealthCare Network.
Review Date: September 25, 2012

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